Lighting the Bunsen burner:
The first step is to check
for safety - lab coat on, long hair tied back, safety
glasses on, books and papers away from the flame, apparatus set up not
too close to the edge of the table...
The second step is to look at the holes. Check
that the holes are closed.
The holes can be adjusted to let in more or less air by turning the collar
(see photos below).
Wait for the teacher's permission, then
light the match. Some people prefer to turn the
gas on and light the match after. The problem is, if the match
breaks or goes out, the gas is leaking out of the tap while you get a
Light the Bunsen burner.
When you have a flame from the match, turn on the gas tap.
To turn it on, you must first push down, then turn the tap. This is a
safety feature so the taps are not accidentally pushed open. Approach the match to the top of the Bunsen burner and it should
Adjust the flame by turning
the collar so that you have the appropriate flame for the
experiment (usually the medium blue flame).
During the experiment, stay
vigilant so that if a problem occurs, you are ready to turn
off the flame quickly. This means that you should not leave your